Bodrum Castle

Bodrum castle now houses an archaeological museum.
Bodrum castle now houses an archaeological museum.

Over the years Bodrum Castle has served as a military base, public bath and a prison. Now, it is a museum, featuring an underwater archaeological exhibit, the mummy of Ada and the oldest shipwreck in the world, you can also inspect the Mausoleum of King Mausolos, built by Queen Artemis in the fourth century BC.

History

Built in the 15th century by Rhodes Knights, who dedicated the structure to Saint Peter (which is why it's also known as St Peter's Castle), Bodrum Castle became the refuge for all Christians on the west coast of Asia during the crusades. The workers who built it were guaranteed a place in Heaven by a 1409 papal decree - quite a perk, if you think about it.

The kinights used green volcanic stone, marble columns and reliefs from the Mausoleum of King Mausolos to fortify the castle. It was built in the most modern design of the time, which involved twisting passages leading to the entry gates, aimed to confuse assailants and leave them vulnerable to projectiles hurled from the fortress defenders.

Over the years Bodrum Castle has been renovated several times, both for fortification and restoration. In the mid 15th century the castle came under attack from the Ottoman Empire by Sultan Mehmed II. These attacks were thwarted by the knights. A few years later, Mehmed II's son hid in the castle after a failed revolt against his brother, Sultan Bayezid II. Not long after this, the castle was once again fortified - cannons were becoming increasingly powerful so this was necessary to thwart attack, although they neglected the sea-facing side of the castle as they were confident of their powerful fleet.

In the 16th century 200,000 of the sultan's soldiers attacked the castle from the Bay of Marmaris. The Rhodes Knights' fortress was no more, and they handed over the castle as their terms for surrender.

Today, it's fully restored, and I'm sure you'll agree that it's a stunning structure - one that makes even the most impressive Bodrum villa pale in comparison!

View properties in Bodrum



Distance to surrounding areas:

19km to
Bargylia

2 Bed Apartment - £60,000 / €67,800
3 Bed Villa with pool - £150,000 / €169,500
7km to
Bitez

3 Bed Villa with pool - £250,000 / €282,500
2 Bed Apartment - £80,000 / €90,400
0km to
Bodrum Town

3 Bed Villa with pool - £250,000 / €282,500
2 Bed Apartment - £85,000 / €96,050
19km to
Turkbuku

3 Bed Villa with pool - £250,000 / €282,500
2 Bed Apartment - £90,000 / €101,700
4km to
Gumbet

2 Bed Apartment - £73,000 / €82,490
3 Bed Villa with pool - £200,000 / €226,000
17km to
Gumusluk

3 Bed Villa with pool - £155,000 / €175,150
2 Bed Apartment - £62,000 / €70,060
21km to
Gundogan

3 Bed Villa with pool - £150,000 / €169,500
2 Bed Apartment - £62,000 / €70,060
7km to
Guvercinlik

2 Bed Apartment - £55,000 / €62,150
3 Bed Villa with pool - £150,000 / €169,500
7km to
Ortakent

2 Bed Apartment - £80,000 / €90,400
3 Bed Villa with pool - £240,000 / €271,200
6km to
Torba

2 Bed Apartment - £75,000 / €84,750
3 Bed Villa with pool - £190,000 / €214,700
20km to
Turgutreis

3 Bed Villa with pool - £180,000 / €203,400
2 Bed Apartment - £70,000 / €79,100
18km to
Yalikavak

2 Bed Apartment - £73,000 / €82,490
3 Bed Villa with pool - £190,000 / €214,700
20km to
Kucukbuk

3 Bed Villa with pool - £190,000 / €214,700
2 Bed Apartment - £75,000 / €84,750
15km to
Hebilkoy

2 Bed Apartment - £73,000 / €82,490
3 Bed Villa with pool - £250,000 / €282,500
15km to
Gokcebel

2 Bed Apartment - £70,000 / €79,100
3 Bed Villa with pool - £200,000 / €226,000
16km to
Kadikalesi

3 Bed Villa with pool - £190,000 / €214,700
2 Bed Apartment - £70,000 / €79,100

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